Written by Professor Kirby
Evidence-based nursing is used daily. However, some nurses are unaware that research studies have proven an approach or nursing intervention to be beneficial to practice. In other words, evidence-based practice plays an important role in the day to day care of our patients. We often perform our nursing duties as taught to us without a thought as to why we are using specific techniques. Oh, we may recognize a medical aseptic technique prevents hospital-acquired infections. However, do we recognize the history behind the discovery of aseptic technique? According to Wong and Myers (2016), evidence-based practice mandates that nurses use critical thinking skills to evaluate the nursing approaches and determine the origin of their interventions (p. 16).
Let’s evaluate the nursing philosophy of Patient-Centered Care. As nurses, we play a major factor in the healing process because we set the tone of the patient’s clinical environment. When a clinician focuses on the patient whole being they become a part of the healing process. This is considered holistic care and promotes wellness by acknowledging more than the physical need, but also, the psyhosocial, spiritual, and cultural needs. Both patient-centered care and holistic care are both considered best evidenced-based nursing practices and are derived from nursing research. Some nursing schools and health systems follow these models.
According to Emanuel et al. (2011), nurses need to ensure their practice is current and that they are equipped with the necessary skills to be flexible and adaptive. So, what happens when our practice becomes routine or ritualistic? How do you maintain patient-center care? We must not only critically evaluate our practice. But, we must be in tune with ourselves and realize when we find ourselves in a task-oriented mindset. Therefore, we can stepback and regroup to give the best of ourselves to our patients.
Emanuel V et al. (2011). Developing evidence-based practice among students. Nursing Times, 49(50), 21-23.
Wong, P., & Myers, M., (2015). Clinical competence and EBP: An educator’s perspective. Nursing Management, 15-18.